Fifty years later, conventions are constantly being developed to meet the road safety requirements of today and tomorrow. In 2016, the entry into force of an amendment to the road transport agreement allowing the transfer of driving tasks to the vehicle led to a breakthrough in automated driving technologies, provided that these technologies comply with UN regulations on vehicles or that they can be cancelled or disabled by the driver. In September 2018, a new resolution on the use of highly and fully automated vehicles in road transport was adopted. The main provisions relating to driver`s licences are in Schedule 6 (national driver`s licence) and Schedule 7 (international licence). The current active version of this version is in effect in each contracting party no later than March 29, 2011 (Article 43). Under the 1968 Vienna Convention, internally displaced persons must have an expiry date of no more than three years from the date of issuance or until the expiry date of the national licence, with the earliest date being chosen and for a period of one year upon arrival abroad. As part of our preparations for leaving the EU, we intend to ratify the 1968 Vienna Convention on Road Transport. The ratification of the 1968 Vienna Convention will not affect the UK`s ability to remain at the forefront of the development, experimentation and use of automated vehicles. Like many other countries that have ratified one or both conventions, we believe that neither convention prohibits the testing or use of automated vehicles.
Both agreements require a driver to be able to drive his vehicle. It does not say that a driver must be in his vehicle, nor does he define the word “control.” Thus, a driver, even if he is not in the vehicle, could drive it by choosing a destination and a route and by having the automated vehicle controlled, accelerated and braked. The Vienna Convention on Road Transport was concluded in Vienna on 8 November 1968. Since its entry into force on 21 May 1977, it has replaced previous road transport agreements in the signatory states (“contracting parties”), including the 1949 Geneva Convention on Road Transport, under Article 48 of the Convention. The convention has been ratified by 83 countries, but those who have not ratified the convention can still be parties to the 1949 Geneva Convention on Road Transport.